“Skyscraper buildings everywhere but roads are just the same”. In the last decade, the issues of bad vehicles and bad driving have received serious press attention in India, but another safety factor seems to have received short confession. Statistics prove bad roads can kill, and the numbers are altering. N-number of people has died in car crashes in which neither have driver-error nor destruction were cited as factors. It strongly recommends that roads themselves contributed to the crashes, and that opinion is backed up by a new survey.
Intersections are the danger zones. Confusing lanes, blind spots, and inadequate signage are factors that contribute to crashes... and deaths. Teens and older drivers tend to be the most defenseless in driving on poorly illuminated roads and busy intersections because of their diminished vision and slower reaction times.
To ensure these problems, 10 ways should be addressed to make roads safer:-
What are those 10 ways?
SIGNS: Larger, simpler and better-placed signs with reflective materials plus the elimination of confusing and multiple signs.
CROSSWALKS: Reflective pavement markings to increase visibility, countdown signals, longer walk times, easier to reach and larger buttons and plaques to help pedestrians understand signals. Pedestrian refuge islands at large intersections also help.
LEFT-TURN LANES: Dedicated, protected left-turn lanes and "arrow" signals, preferably "off-set." Offset left-turn lanes improve visibility because the car coming from the opposite direction doesn't block the driver's line of sight.
STOP SIGNS: The minimum size of stop signs, regardless of speed, should be 30 inches. Reflectivity of stop signs must be maintained. STOP AHEAD signs and rumble strips are useful in situations where drivers appear not be noticing the stop signs.
LIGHTING: Better lighting overall. Eyesight begins to worsen at age 40. By age 60, a driver needs three times more light to see as at age 16.
PAVEMENT MARKINGS: Brighter road markings, edge markings and other pavement markings should be reflective so drivers can see curbs, lanes and intersections/crosswalks more easily.
TRAFFIC SIGNALS: Larger traffic signal heads and back plates to provide more contrast. "All red" periods for traffic signals allow for a margin of error.
FREEWAY EXITS & ENTRANCES: Large and clearer signs well in advance of ramps would prevent vehicles from the dangerous mistake of going the wrong way on a highway.
WORK ZONES: Large, bright, well-maintained and carefully placed work zone devices (barrels, cones, etc.) including flashing arrow panels to help drivers prepare for lane closures.
CHANGEABLE MESSAGE SIGNS: Changeable message signs to inform drivers of new road conditions and situations. Messages should be easily understood phrases and abbreviations and not exceed two "panels."
Apart from this few safety precautions could be taken on our behalf which are:-
· Following driving rules (i.e. no phone calls while driving, buckle up, etc.).
· Most important, checking tyre pressure regularly.
· No overtaking. Lane driving is the best way to reduce accidents.
· Pay full attention on road while driving and so on.
Since the crash rates for older drivers will continue to climb because existing road hazards and aging do not mix well, targeting road improvements makes sound safety sense. If one follows these tips, the chances for any road rash will reduce to nil.